Channelpedia

PubMed 22973059


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1



Title: Cd²⁺ block and permeation of CaV3.1 (α1G) T-type calcium channels: candidate mechanism for Cd²⁺ influx.

Authors: Kyle V Lopin, Frank Thévenod, Jessica C Page, Stephen W Jones

Journal, date & volume: Mol. Pharmacol., 2012 Dec , 82, 1183-93

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22973059


Abstract
Cd²⁺ is an industrial pollutant that can cause cytotoxicity in multiple organs. We examined the effects of extracellular Cd²⁺ on permeation and gating of Ca(v)3.1 (α1G) channels stably transfected in HEK293 cells, by using whole-cell recording. With the use of instantaneous I-V currents (measured after strong depolarization) to isolate the effects on permeation, Cd²⁺ rapidly blocked currents with 2 mM Ca²⁺ in a voltage-dependent manner. The block caused by Cd²⁺ was relieved at more-hyperpolarized potentials, which suggests that Cd²⁺ can permeate through the selectivity filter of the channel into the cytosol. In the absence of other permeant ions (Ca²⁺ and Na⁺ replaced by N-methyl-d-glucamine), Cd²⁺ carried sizable inward currents through Ca(v)3.1 channels (210 ± 20 pA at -60 mV with 2 mM Cd²⁺). Ca(v)3.1 channels have a significant "window current" at that voltage (open probability, ∼1%), which makes them a candidate pathway for Cd²⁺ entry into cells during Cd²⁺ exposure. Incubation with radiolabeled ¹⁰⁹Cd²⁺ confirmed uptake of Cd²⁺ into cells with Ca(v)3.1 channels.