PubMed 23018590

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Slo1 , TRP , TRPC , TRPC2

Title: Functional coupling of TRPC2 cation channels and the calcium-activated anion channels in rat thyroid cells: implications for iodide homeostasis.

Authors: Tero M Viitanen, Pramod Sukumaran, Christoffer Löf, Kid Törnquist

Journal, date & volume: J. Cell. Physiol., 2013 Apr , 228, 814-23

PubMed link:

The initial step in a synthesis of thyroid hormones is the uptake of iodide from the circulation. Iodide (I(-)) is transported into thyroid cells via a Na(+)/I(-) symporter (NIS), which is electrogenic and thus sensitive to alterations in membrane potential (V(m)). I(-) is then released to the lumen of thyroid follicles where the hormones are synthesised and stored. The mechanisms of I(-) release to follicle lumen are poorly characterised. Our whole-cell voltage clamp recordings revealed the presence of a Ca(2+) activated Cl(-) current (CaCC) in Fisher rat thyroid cell line 5 (FRTL-5). Transcripts of anoctamin 1 (ANO1) and anoctamin 10 (ANO10), putative molecular constituents of CaCC, were detected. The anion channels underlying CaCC are highly permeable to I(-). Both niflumic acid (NFA) and 2-aminoethyl diphenylborinate (2-APB), antagonists of CaCC and transient receptor potential channels, respectively, inhibited CaCC. Canonical transient receptor potential channel 2 (TRPC2) is the only TRPC member present in FRTL-5 cells. The activation rate of CaCC was markedly slower in shTRPC2 knock-down cells, indicating that Ca(2+) entry via TRPC2 contributes to CaCC activation. The uptake of iodide was enhanced and the resting V(m) was more depolarised in TRPC2 knock-down cells. We suggest that the interplay between TRPC2 and ANO1 may have dual effects on iodide transport, modulating I(-) release via ANO channels and I(-) uptake via the V(m) sensitive NIS.