PubMed 23026081

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3

Title: Synthesis of imidacloprid derivatives with a chiral alkylated imidazolidine ring and evaluation of their insecticidal activity and affinity to the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor.

Authors: Hisashi Nishiwaki, Mituhiro Kuriyama, Hikaru Nagaoka, Akira Kato, Miki Akamatsu, Satoshi Yamauchi, Yoshihiro Shuto

Journal, date & volume: Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2012 Nov 1 , 20, 6305-12

PubMed link:

A series of imidacloprid (IMI) derivatives with an alkylated imidazolidine ring were asymmetrically synthesized to evaluate their insecticidal activity against adult female housefly, Musca domestica, and affinity to the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor of the flies. The bulkier the alkyl group, the lower was the receptor affinity, but the derivatives methylated and ethylated at the R-5-position of the imidazolidine ring were equipotent to the unsubstituted compound. Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis of the receptor affinity demonstrated that the introduction of a substituent into the imidazolidine ring was fundamentally disadvantageous, but the introduction of a substituent at the R-5-position was permissible in the case of its small size. The binding model of the synthesized derivatives with the receptor supported the QSAR analysis, indicating the existence of space for a short alkyl group around the R-5-position in the ligand-binding site. In addition, positive correlation was observed between the insecticidal activity and receptor affinity, suggesting that the receptor affinity was the primary factor in influencing the insecticidal activity even if the imidazolidine ring was modified.