PubMed 23093920

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: HCN2 , Kir2.3

Title: Probability fluxes and transition paths in a Markovian model describing complex subunit cooperativity in HCN2 channels.

Authors: Klaus Benndorf, Jana Kusch, Eckhard Schulz

Journal, date & volume: PLoS Comput. Biol., 2012 , 8, e1002721

PubMed link:

Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-modulated (HCN) channels are voltage-gated tetrameric cation channels that generate electrical rhythmicity in neurons and cardiomyocytes. Activation can be enhanced by the binding of adenosine-3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) to an intracellular cyclic nucleotide binding domain. Based on previously determined rate constants for a complex Markovian model describing the gating of homotetrameric HCN2 channels, we analyzed probability fluxes within this model, including unidirectional probability fluxes and the probability flux along transition paths. The time-dependent probability fluxes quantify the contributions of all 13 transitions of the model to channel activation. The binding of the first, third and fourth ligand evoked robust channel opening whereas the binding of the second ligand obstructed channel opening similar to the empty channel. Analysis of the net probability fluxes in terms of the transition path theory revealed pronounced hysteresis for channel activation and deactivation. These results provide quantitative insight into the complex interaction of the four structurally equal subunits, leading to non-equality in their function.