PubMed 23104910

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3

Title: Fully automated initiation of simulated episodes of atrial arrhythmias.

Authors: E Matene, V Jacquemet

Journal, date & volume: Europace, 2012 Nov , 14 Suppl 5, v17-v24

PubMed link:

To develop computational tools for automatically initiating a large number of independent episodes of atrial arrhythmias in electro-anatomical computer models of the atria and therefore facilitating the design of in silico experiments.A biophysical model of the atria was constructed from segmented medical images of the human atria of a patient with atrial fibrillation (AF). A set of 40 initial conditions were generated based on a priori knowledge about wavefront propagation and the number and location of reentries (1-6 randomly distributed over the atrial epicardium). Simulations were run from each of these initial conditions in three substrates representing different forms of AF dynamics (stable rotors; multiple unstable meandering wavelets; and wavelets broken by repolarization heterogeneities). To demonstrate the applicability of the initiation method for testing clinical of therapeutic interventions, the channel I(Kr) was blocked after 2 s of simulation and its effect on the number of functional reentries was documented. The use of pre-computed initial conditions enabled to successfully generate episodes of simulated AF in each substrate. Blockade of I(Kr) channel prolonged action potential duration, resulting in a reduction of the number of functional reentries. In the substrate with unstable spiral waves, the effect was sufficiently large to terminate AF in about two-thirds of the cases. In the two other substrates, the effect was minor.These new simulation tools may help investigate in computer models therapeutic interventions in different substrates in order to identify substrate-specific optimal therapy.