PubMed 23181279

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC3 , ClvC4

Title: Differences between femoral artery and vein smooth muscle cells in volume-regulated chloride channels.

Authors: Xiao-Long Kang, Min Zhang, Jie Liu, Xiao-Fei Lv, Yong-Bo Tang, Yong-Yuan Guan

Journal, date & volume: Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 2012 Nov , 90, 1516-26

PubMed link:

The purpose of the present study was to compare the differences between the role of volume-regulated Cl⁻ channels (VRCCs) in veins and arteries. We used the whole cell patch clamp and fluorescence imaging techniques to evaluate swelling-induced Cl⁻ current (I(Cl,vol)) and changes in the intracellular concentrations of Cl⁻ ([Cl⁻](i)) induced by hypotonic solutions in rat femoral artery cells (FASMCs) and vein smooth muscle cells (FVSMCs). I(Cl,vol) and [Cl⁻](i) decline induced by hypotonic solution were more prominent in FASMCs than in FVSMCs. I(Cl,vol) and the alterations in [Cl⁻](i) were gradually increased as the number of cell passages increased. However, the regulatory function of tyrosine protein phosphorylation in volume-regulated chloride movement is prominent in veins. The expression of ClC-3 was higher in FASMCs than in FVSMCs. VRCC activity is more pronounced in rat femoral arteries than in veins. VRCC activity and tyrosine protein phosphorylation regulative function increase gradually as vascular cells switch from contractile to proliferative phenotypes.