PubMed 23237801

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.1

Title: Direct molecular interaction of caveolin-3 with KCa1.1 channel in living HEK293 cell expression system.

Authors: Yoshiaki Suzuki, Hisao Yamamura, Susumu Ohya, Yuji Imaizumi

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2013 Jan 18 , 430, 1169-74

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Caveolin family is supposed to be essential molecules for the formation of not only caveola structure on cell membrane but also functional molecular complexes in them with direct and/or indirect interaction with other membrane and/or submembrane associated proteins. The direct coupling of caveolin-1 (cav1) with large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel, KCa1.1 has been established in several types of cells and in expression system as well. The possible interaction of caveolin-3 (cav3), which shows expression in some differential tissues from cav1, with KCa1.1 remains to be determined. In the present study, the density of KCa1.1 current expressed in HEK293 cells was significantly reduced by the co-expression of cav3, as well as cav1. The co-localization and direct interaction of GFP- or CFP-labeled cav3 (GFP/CFP-cav3) with YFP- or mCherry-labeled KCa1.1 (KCa1.1-YFP/mCherry) were clearly demonstrated by single molecular image analyses using total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy and fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) analyses with acceptor photobleaching method. The deletion of suggested cav1-binding motif in C terminus region of KCa1.1 (KCa1.1ΔCB-YFP) resulted in the marked decrease in cell surface expression, co-localization and FRET efficiency with CFP-cav3 and CFP-cav1. The FLAG-KCa1.1 co-immunoprecipitation with GFP-cav3 or GFP-cav1 also supported their direct molecular interaction. These results strongly suggest that cav3 possesses direct interaction with KCa1.1, presumably at the same domain for cav1 binding. This interaction regulates KCa1.1 expression to cell surface and the formation of functional molecular complex in caveolae in living cells.