Channelpedia

PubMed 23283997


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM4



Title: TRPM4 channel: a new player in urinary bladder smooth muscle function in rats.

Authors: Amy C Smith, Shankar P Parajuli, Kiril L Hristov, Qiuping Cheng, Rupal P Soder, Serge A Y Afeli, Scott Earley, Wenkuan Xin, John Malysz, Georgi V Petkov

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol., 2013 Apr 1 , 304, F918-29

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23283997


Abstract
The TRPM4 channel is a Ca(2+)-activated, monovalent cation-selective channel of the melastatin transient receptor potential (TRPM) family. The TRPM4 channel is implicated in the regulation of many cellular processes including the immune response, insulin secretion, and pressure-induced vasoconstriction of cerebral arteries. However, the expression and function of the TRPM4 channels in detrusor smooth muscle (DSM) have not yet been explored. Here, we provide the first molecular, electrophysiological, and functional evidence for the presence of TRPM4 channels in rat DSM. We detected the expression of TRPM4 channels at mRNA and protein levels in freshly isolated DSM single cells and DSM tissue using RT-PCR, Western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and immunocytochemistry. 9-Hydroxyphenanthrene (9-phenanthrol), a novel selective inhibitor of TRPM4 channels, was used to examine their role in DSM function. In perforated patch-clamp recordings using freshly isolated rat DSM cells, 9-phenanthrol (30 μM) decreased the spontaneous inward current activity at -70 mV. Real-time DSM live-cell Ca(2+) imaging showed that selective inhibition of TRPM4 channels with 9-phenanthrol (30 μM) significantly reduced the intracellular Ca(2+) levels. Isometric DSM tension recordings revealed that 9-phenanthrol (0.1-30 μM) significantly inhibited the amplitude, muscle force integral, and frequency of the spontaneous phasic and pharmacologically induced contractions of rat DSM isolated strips. 9-Phenanthrol also decreased the amplitude and muscle force integral of electrical field stimulation-induced contractions. In conclusion, this is the first study to examine the expression and provide evidence for TRPM4 channels as critical regulators of rat DSM excitability and contractility.