Channelpedia

PubMed 23302778


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM4



Title: Novel role for the transient potential receptor melastatin 4 channel in guinea pig detrusor smooth muscle physiology.

Authors: Amy C Smith, Kiril L Hristov, Qiuping Cheng, Wenkuan Xin, Shankar P Parajuli, Scott Earley, John Malysz, Georgi V Petkov

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2013 Mar 1 , 304, C467-77

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23302778


Abstract
Members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel superfamily, including the Ca(2+)-activated monovalent cation-selective TRP melastatin 4 (TRPM4) channel, have been recently identified in the urinary bladder. However, their expression and function at the level of detrusor smooth muscle (DSM) remain largely unexplored. In this study, for the first time we investigated the role of TRPM4 channels in guinea pig DSM excitation-contraction coupling using a multidisciplinary approach encompassing protein detection, electrophysiology, live-cell Ca(2+) imaging, DSM contractility, and 9-phenanthrol, a recently characterized selective inhibitor of the TRPM4 channel. Western blot and immunocytochemistry experiments demonstrated the expression of the TRPM4 channel in whole DSM tissue and freshly isolated DSM cells with specific localization on the plasma membrane. Perforated whole cell patch-clamp recordings and real-time Ca(2+) imaging experiments with fura 2-AM, both using freshly isolated DSM cells, revealed that 9-phenanthrol (30 μM) significantly reduced the cation current and decreased intracellular Ca(2+) levels. 9-Phenanthrol (0.1-30 μM) significantly inhibited spontaneous, 0.1 μM carbachol-induced, 20 mM KCl-induced, and nerve-evoked contractions in guinea pig DSM-isolated strips with IC50 values of 1-7 μM and 70-80% maximum inhibition. 9-Phenanthrol also reduced nerve-evoked contraction amplitude induced by continuous repetitive electrical field stimulation of 10-Hz frequency and shifted the frequency-response curve (0.5-50 Hz) relative to the control. Collectively, our data demonstrate the novel finding that TRPM4 channels are expressed in guinea pig DSM and reveal their critical role in the regulation of guinea pig DSM excitation-contraction coupling.