Channelpedia

PubMed 23442051


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC3



Title: Canonical transient receptor potential channel subtype 3-mediated hair cell Ca(2+) entry regulates sound transduction and auditory neurotransmission.

Authors: Ann Chi Yan Wong, Lutz Birnbaumer, Gary D Housley

Journal, date & volume: Eur. J. Neurosci., 2013 May , 37, 1478-86

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23442051


Abstract
The physiological significance of canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) ion channels in sensory systems is rapidly emerging. Heterologous expression studies show that TRPC3 is a significant Ca(2+) entry pathway, with dual activation via G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-phospholipase C-diacylglycerol second messenger signaling, and through negative feedback, whereby a fall in cytosolic Ca(2+) releases Ca(2+) -calmodulin channel block. We hypothesised that the latter process contributes to cochlear hair cell cytosolic Ca(2+) homeostasis. Confocal microfluorimetry with the Ca(2+) indicator Fluo-4 acetoxymethylester showed that, when cytosolic Ca(2+) was depleted, Ca(2+) re-entry was significantly impaired in mature TRPC3(-/-) inner and outer hair cells. The impact of this disrupted Ca(2+) homeostasis on sound transduction was assessed with the use of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs), which constitute a direct measure of the outer hair cell transduction that underlies hearing sensitivity and frequency selectivity. TRPC3(-/-) mice showed significantly stronger DPOAE (2f1  - f2 ) growth functions than wild-type (WT) littermates within the frequency range of best hearing acuity. This translated to hyperacusis (decreased threshold) measured by the auditory brainstem response (ABR). TRPC3(-/-) and WT mice did not differ in the levels of temporary and permanent threshold shift arising from noise exposure, indicating that potential GPCR signaling via TRPC3 is not pronounced. Overall, these data suggest that the Ca(2+) set-point in the hair cell, and hence membrane conductance, is modulated by TRPC3s through their function as a negative feedback-regulated Ca(2+) entry pathway. This TPRC3-regulated Ca(2+) homeostasis shapes the sound transduction input-output function and auditory neurotransmission.