PubMed 23543060

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1

Title: MicroRNA-26 governs profibrillatory inward-rectifier potassium current changes in atrial fibrillation.

Authors: Xiaobin Luo, Zhenwei Pan, Hongli Shan, Jiening Xiao, Xuelin Sun, Ning Wang, Huixian Lin, Ling Xiao, Ange Maguy, Xiao-Yan Qi, Yue Li, Xu Gao, Deli Dong, Yong Zhang, Yunlong Bai, Jing Ai, Lihua Sun, Hang Lu, Xiao-Yan Luo, Zhiguo Wang, Yanjie Lu, Baofeng Yang, Stanley Nattel

Journal, date & volume: J. Clin. Invest., 2013 May 1 , 123, 1939-51

PubMed link:

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a highly prevalent arrhythmia with pronounced morbidity and mortality. Inward-rectifier K+ current (IK1) is believed to be an important regulator of reentrant-spiral dynamics and a major component of AF-related electrical remodeling. MicroRNA-26 (miR-26) is predicted to target the gene encoding KIR2.1, KCNJ2. We found that miR-26 was downregulated in atrial samples from AF animals and patients and this downregulation was accompanied by upregulation of IK1/KIR2.1 protein. miR-26 overexpression suppressed expression of KCNJ2/KIR2.1. In contrast, miR-26 knockdown, inhibition, or binding-site mutation enhanced KCNJ2/KIR2.1 expression, establishing KCNJ2 as a miR-26 target. Knockdown of endogenous miR-26 promoted AF in mice, whereas adenovirus-mediated expression of miR-26 reduced AF vulnerability. Kcnj2-specific miR-masks eliminated miR-26-mediated reductions in Kcnj2, abolishing miR-26's protective effects, while coinjection of a Kcnj2-specific miR-mimic prevented miR-26 knockdown-associated AF in mice. Nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT), a known actor in AF-associated remodeling, was found to negatively regulate miR-26 transcription. Our results demonstrate that miR-26 controls the expression of KCNJ2 and suggest that this downregulation may promote AF.