PubMed 23570668

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC1 , TRPC5 , TRPC6

Title: High glucose-induced apoptosis in cultured podocytes involves TRPC6-dependent calcium entry via the RhoA/ROCK pathway.

Authors: He Yang, Bo Zhao, Chang Liao, Rui Zhang, Kexin Meng, Jia Xu, Jundong Jiao

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2013 May 3 , 434, 394-400

PubMed link:

Increasing evidence indicates that podocyte apoptosis is a key event in the development of diabetic nephrology. However, the underlying mechanism of this apoptosis remains poorly understood. In this study, we report that high levels of glucose enhanced the expression of TRPC6 and TRPC6-dependent Ca(2+) influx, but glucose levels did not affect TRPC1 and TRPC5 expression. TRPC6 knockdown by siRNA interference attenuated the observed increase in glucose-induced podocyte apoptosis. High glucose levels also increased the generation of ROS; inhibition of ROS activity by N-acetyl-l-cysteine attenuated the high glucose-induced increase in TRPC6 expression and Ca(2+) influx. Exogenous treatment with H2O2 mimicked the high glucose response, resulting in an increase in TRPC6 expression and Ca(2+) influx. Taken together, these data suggest that high glucose levels induce ROS, thereby mediating TRPC6 expression and Ca(2+) influx. Because RhoA activity is increased following TRPC6 activation, we investigated whether TRPC6 is involved in high glucose-induced apoptosis via the RhoA/ROCK pathway. We report that high glucose levels produced an increase in RhoA activity, and this effect was abolished by the knockdown of TRPC6. Moreover, inhibition of the RhoA/ROCK pathway by a ROCK inhibitor, Y27632, also attenuated high glucose-induced apoptosis. We conclude that TRPC6 is involved in high glucose-induced podocyte apoptosis through the RhoA/ROCK pathway.