PubMed 23651160

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.2

Title: Complex Structures between the N-Type Calcium Channel (CaV2.2) and ω-Conotoxin GVIA Predicted via Molecular Dynamics.

Authors: Rong Chen, Shin-Ho Chung

Journal, date & volume: Biochemistry, 2013 May 17 , ,

PubMed link:

The N-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channel CaV2.2 is one of the important targets for pain management. ω-Conotoxins isolated from venoms of cone snails, which specifically inhibit CaV2.2, are promising scaffolds for novel analgesics. The inhibitory action of ω-conotoxins on CaV2.2 has been examined experimentally, but the modes of binding of the toxins to this and other related subfamilies of Ca(2+) channels are not understood in detail. Here molecular dynamics simulations are used to construct models of ω-conotoxin GVIA in complex with a homology model of the pore domain of CaV2.2. Three different binding modes in which the side chain of Lys2, Arg17, or Lys24 from the toxin protrudes into the selectivity filter of CaV2.2 are considered. In all the modes, the toxin forms a salt bridge with an aspartate residue of subunit II just above the EEEE ring of the selectivity filter. Using the umbrella sampling technique and potential of mean force calculations, the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values are calculated to be 1.5 and 0.7 nM for the modes in which Lys2 and Arg17 occlude the ion conduction pathway, respectively. Both IC50 values compare favorably with the values of 0.04-1.0 nM determined experimentally. The similar IC50 values calculated for the different binding modes demonstrate that GVIA can inhibit CaV2.2 with alternative binding modes. Such a multiple-binding mode mechanism may be common for ω-conotoxins.