Channelpedia

PubMed 23730969


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir3.1 , Kir3.4



Title: ML297 (VU0456810), the First Potent and Selective Activator of the GIRK Potassium Channel, Displays Antiepileptic Properties in Mice.

Authors: Kristian Kaufmann, Ian Romaine, Emily Days, Conrado Pascual, Adam Malik, Liya Yang, Bende Zou, Yu Du, Greg Sliwoski, Ryan D Morrison, Jerod Denton, Colleen M Niswender, J Scott Daniels, Gary A Sulikowski, Xinmin Simon Xie, Craig W Lindsley, C David Weaver

Journal, date & volume: ACS Chem Neurosci, 2013 Jun 13 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23730969


Abstract
The G-protein activated, inward-rectifying potassium (K(+)) channels, "GIRKs", are a family of ion channels (Kir3.1-Kir3.4) that has been the focus of intense research interest for nearly two decades. GIRKs are comprised of various homo- and heterotetrameric combinations of four different subunits. These subunits are expressed in different combinations in a variety of regions throughout the central nervous system and in the periphery. The body of GIRK research implicates GIRK in processes as diverse as controlling heart rhythm, to effects on reward/addiction, to modulation of response to analgesics. Despite years of GIRK research, very few tools exist to selectively modulate GIRK channels' activity and until now no tools existed that potently and selectively activated GIRKs. Here we report the development and characterization of the first truly potent, effective, and selective GIRK activator, ML297 (VU0456810). We further demonstrate that ML297 is active in two in vivo models of epilepsy, a disease where up to 40% of patients remain with symptoms refractory to present treatments. The development of ML297 represents a truly significant advancement in our ability to selectively probe GIRK's role in physiology as well as providing the first tool for beginning to understand GIRK's potential as a target for a diversity of therapeutic indications.