Channelpedia

PubMed 23834398


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1



Title: S-glutathionylation of ion channels: insights into the regulation of channel functions, thiol modification crosstalk and mechanosensing.

Authors: Yang Yang, Xin Jin, Chun Jiang

Journal, date & volume: Antioxid. Redox Signal., 2013 Jul 8 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23834398


Abstract
Ion channels control membrane potential, cellular excitability, and Ca(++) signaling, all of which play essential roles in cellular functions. The regulation of ion channels enables cells to respond to changing environments, and post-translational modification (PTM) is one major regulation mechanism.Many PTMs (e.g., S-glutathionylation, S-nitrosylation, S-palmitoylation, S-sulfhydration, etc.) targeting the thiol group of cysteine residues have emerged to be essential for ion channels regulation under physiological and pathological conditions.Under oxidative stress, S-glutathionylation could be a critical PTM that regulates many molecules. In this review, we discuss S-glutathionylation-mediated structural and functional changes of ion channels. Criteria for testing S-glutathionylation, methods and reagents used in ion channel S-glutathionylation studies, and thiol modification crosstalk, are also covered. Mechanotransduction, and S-glutathionylation of the mechanosensitive KATP channel, are discussed.Further investigation of the ion channel S-glutathionylation, especially the physiological significance of S-glutathionylation and thiol modification crosstalk, could lead to a better understanding of the thiol modifications in general and the ramifications of such modifications on cellular functions and related diseases.