Channelpedia

PubMed 20179889


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC6



Title: [TRPC6 mediates the enhancements of pulmonary arterial tone and intracellular Ca2+ concentration of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells in pulmonary hypertension rats].

Authors: Ming-Fang Zhang, Xiao-Ru Liu, Na Yang, Mo-Jun Lin

Journal, date & volume: Sheng Li Xue Bao, 2010 Feb 25 , 62, 55-62

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20179889


Abstract
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is associated with profound vascular remodeling and alterations in Ca2+ homeostasis in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Recent studies show that canonical transient receptor potential channel 6 (TRPC6) genes, which encode receptor-operated cation channels (ROCC) in PASMCs, play an important role in Ca2+ regulation and cell proliferation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of TRPC6 in monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary artery hypertension. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control group and MCT group. In MCT group, pulmonary arterial hypertension was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of MCT at a dose of 60 mg/kg. After 3 weeks, the right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) and the right ventricular mass index (RVMI) were measured. The lung sections were stained by HE and observed under light microscope. Semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot were performed to detect the expression of TRPC6 in rat pulmonary arteries. The 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG)-induced contractile tension of pulmonary arteries were measured by vascular ring tension analysis and the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i))of PASMCs was monitored using Fluo3-AM assay. The results showed that RVSP and RVMI markedly elevated in MCT group (P<0.01) in comparison to CON group. The thickness of pulmonary vascular smooth muscles was increased and the inner diameter of pulmonary arteries was diminished in MCT group. Though there was no significant difference in the levels of mRNA and protein of TRPC6 between CON and MCT groups, the application of OAG, which can directly activate ROCC, induced greater contraction tension of pulmonary arteries (P<0.01) and more Ca2+ entries in PASMCs (P<0.05) in MCT group compared to those in control group. These results indicate that MCT induces pulmonary artery hypertension and thus remodeling of the right ventricle and pulmonary arteries in rats. The expression of mRNA and protein of TRPC6 is not potentiated by MCT, but the TRPC6/ROCC-mediated Ca2+ entry in PASMCs and vascular tone of pulmonary arteries are significantly increased with MCT treatment.