PubMed 20717636

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPA , TRPA1 , TRPM , TRPM8 , TRPV , TRPV1

Title: Transient receptor potential A1 is involved in cold-induced contraction in the isolated rat colon smooth muscle.

Authors: Yang Dong, Hai-Lian Shi, Jian-Rong Shi, Da-Zheng Wu

Journal, date & volume: Sheng Li Xue Bao, 2010 Aug 25 , 62, 349-56

PubMed link:

Transient receptor potential (TRP) A1, a member of TRP channel family, is activated by noxious cold. The aims of this study were to determine if TRPA1 contributed to cold-induced contractions in the isolated rat colon preparations and explore the potential mechanisms. The colon smooth muscle layers were surgically isolated from the male Wistar rats and changes in isotonic tension of longitudinal muscle under various treatments were recorded as colonic motilities. Cold stimuli were obtained by the reperfusion with Krebs-Henseleit solution at given temperature using Constant Flow Pump. The mRNA expressions of TRPA1, TRPV1 and TRPM8 in rat colon smooth muscle layer were examined by using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) techniques. The results showed that the contractions induced by cold stimuli (from 37 degrees C to 12 degrees C stepwise) were inversely proportional to the temperature with a maximum contraction at 17 degrees C in both proximal and distal colons (P<0.01). RT-PCR analysis revealed the expression of TRPA1, but not TRPM8 and TRPV1, in the rat proximal and distal colon smooth muscle layers. Cold-induced colonic contractions were specially inhibited by TRPA1 blocker, ruthenium red (30 μmol/L), in the proximal and distal colon (P<0.05). The cold-induced contractions of proximal (P<0.01, P<0.05) and distal colons (both P<0.001) were almost abolished or inhibited by the pretreatments of TRPA1 agonists, Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC, 300 μmol/L) and cinnamaldehyde (CA, 1 mmol/L). Extracellular calcium removal (EGTA, 1 mmol/L), PLC blocker (U73122, 10 μmol/L) and IP(3) receptor blocker (2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate, 2-APB, 30 μmol/L) all decreased the contractions evoked by the cooling at 17 degrees C in the proximal and distal colon (P<0.001, P<0.05, P<0.001). Atropine (1 μmol/L) had no effects on these contractions. L-type Ca(2+) channels blocker nifedipine (1 μmol/L) and neurotoxin tetrodotoxin (TTX, 2 μmol/L) decreased the contractile response in the distal colon (P<0.01, P<0.05), but not in the proximal colon. In conclusion, TRPA1 contributes to cold-induced contractions of the rat colon smooth muscle, and the mechanism of TRPA1 activation involves PLC/IP(3)/Ca(2+) pathway. L-type Ca(2+) channel and neurogenic mechanism other than muscarinic receptor might be partially involved in cold-induced contraction of the distal colon, which probably resulted in higher contraction of distal colon compared with that of proximal colon.