PubMed 22420587

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Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1

Title: Increased differentiation capacity of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in aquaporin-5 deficiency.

Authors: Fei Yi, Muhammad Khan, Hongwen Gao, Feng Hao, Meiyan Sun, Lili Zhong, Changzheng Lu, Xuechao Feng, Tonghui Ma

Journal, date & volume: Stem Cells Dev., 2012 Sep 1 , 21, 2495-507

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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are adult stem cells with a self-renewal and multipotent capability and express extensively in multitudinous tissues. We found that water channel aquaporin-5 (AQP5) is expressed in bone marrow-derived MSCs (BMMSCs) in the plasma membrane pattern. BMMSCs from AQP5(-/-) mice showed significantly lower plasma membrane water permeability than those from AQP5(+/+) mice. In characterizing the cultured BMMSCs from AQP5(-/-) and AQP5(+/+) mice, we found no obvious differences in morphology and proliferation between the 2 genotypes. However, the multiple differentiation capacity was significantly higher in AQP5(-/-) than AQP5(+/+) BMMSCs as revealed by representative staining by Oil Red O (adipogenesis); Alizarin Red S and alkaline phosphatase (ALP; osteogenesis); and type II collagen and Safranin O (chondrogenesis) after directional induction. Relative mRNA expression levels of 3 lineage differentiation markers, including PPARγ2, C/EBPα, adipsin, collagen 1a, osteopontin, ALP, collagen 11a, collagen 2a, and aggrecan, were significantly higher in AQP5(-/-) -differentiating BMMSCs, supporting an increased differentiation capacity of AQP5(-/-) BMMSCs. Furthermore, a bone-healing process was accelerated in AQP5(-/-) mice in a drill-hole injury model. Mechanistic studies indicated a significantly lower apoptosis rate in AQP5(-/-) than AQP5(+/+) BMMSCs. Apoptosis inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK increased the differentiation capacity to a greater extent in AQP5(+/+) than AQP5(-/-) BMMSCs. We conclude that AQP5-mediated high plasma membrane water permeability enhances the apoptosis rate of differentiating BMMSCs, thus decreasing their differentiation capacity. These data implicate AQP5 as a novel determinant of differentiation of BMMSCs and therefore a new molecular target for regulating differentiation of BMMSCs during tissue repair and regeneration.