PubMed 22882391

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3

Title: Genetic association of GABA-A receptor alpha-2 and mu opioid receptor with cocaine cue-reactivity: evidence for inhibitory synaptic neurotransmission involvement in cocaine dependence.

Authors: David Smelson, Lei Yu, Steven Buyske, Gerardo González, Jay Tischfield, Curtis K Deutsch, Douglas Ziedonis

Journal, date & volume: Am J Addict, 2012 Sep-Oct , 21, 411-5

PubMed link:

This pilot feasibility study examined the role of genetics in laboratory-induced cocaine craving.Thirty-four African American, cocaine-depend- ent male subjects underwent a baseline assessment, cue-exposure session, and genetic analysis. Subjects were classified as either cue-reactive or nonreactive.Among single nucleotide polymorphism markers in 13 candidate genes examined for association with cocaine cue-reactivity, two were statistically significant: GABRA2 (coding for GABA-A receptor alpha-2 subunit; rs11503014, nominal p= .001) and OPRM1 (coding for mu opioid receptor; rs2236256, nominal p= .03).These pilot results suggest that cocaine craving shows variability among cocaine-dependent subjects, and that GABRA2 and OPRM1 polymorphisms have differential influences on cocaine cue-reactivity, warranting studies in future research.