PubMed 23045722

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.2

Title: A novel CaV2.2 channel inhibition by piracetam in peripheral and central neurons.

Authors: Jorge Bravo-Martínez, Isabel Arenas, Oscar Vivas, Santiago Rebolledo-Antúnez, Mario Vázquez-García, Arturo Larrazolo, David E García

Journal, date & volume: Exp. Biol. Med. (Maywood), 2012 Oct 1 , 237, 1209-18

PubMed link:

No mechanistic actions for piracetam have been documented to support its nootropic effects. Voltage-gated calcium channels have been proposed as a promising pharmacological target of nootropic drugs. In this study, we investigated the effect of piracetam on Ca(V)2.2 channels in peripheral neurons, using patch-clamp recordings from cultured superior cervical ganglion neurons. In addition, we tested if Ca(V)2.2 channel inhibition could be related with the effects of piracetam on central neurons. We found that piracetam inhibited native Ca(V)2.2 channels in superior cervical ganglion neurons in a dose-dependent manner, with an IC(50) of 3.4 μmol/L and a Hill coefficient of 1.1. GDPβS dialysis did not prevent piracetam-induced inhibition of Ca(V)2.2 channels and G-protein-coupled receptor activation by noradrenaline did not occlude the piracetam effect. Piracetam altered the biophysical characteristics of Ca(V)2.2 channel such as facilitation ratio. In hippocampal slices, piracetam and ω-conotoxin GVIA diminished the frequency of excitatory postsynaptic potentials and action potentials. Our results provide evidence of piracetam's actions on Ca(V)2.2 channels in peripheral neurons, which might explain some of its nootropic effects in central neurons.