PubMed 23334401

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1 , TRP , TRPM , TRPM8

Title: Differential inhibition of the TRPM8 ion channel by Gαq and Gα 11.

Authors: Lin Li, Xuming Zhang

Journal, date & volume: Channels (Austin), 2013 Jan 18 , 7,

PubMed link:

Cold temperature is encoded by the cold-sensitive ion channel TRPM8 in somatosensory neurons. It has been unclear how TRPM8 is modulated so that it can mediate distinct type of cold signaling. We have recently reported that activated Gαq directly inhibits TRPM8 after activation of Gq-coupled receptors. Here, we further show that activation of the muscarinic receptor M1R, which is known to inhibit M currents through PLCβ-mediated hydrolysis of PtdIns(4,5)P 2, similarly inhibited TRPM8 potently, but inhibition was not prevented by the PLC inhibitor U73122. Interestingly, although Gαq and Gα 11 are indistinguishable in activating PLCβ and hydrolysing PtdIns(4,5)P 2, activated Gα 11 inhibited TRPM8 to a lesser extent than activated Gαq. The differential TRPM8 inhibition is determined by a specific residue E197 on Gα 11, because mutating this residue to the corresponding residue on Gαq restored TRPM8 inhibition to a similar degree as mediated by Gαq. These results reinforce the idea that activated Gαq directly inhibits TRPM8 independently from PtdIns(4,5)P 2 hydrolysis-mediated inhibition of TRPM8.