PubMed 23345406

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK1

Title: CALHM1 controls Ca2+-dependent MEK/ERK/RSK/MSK signaling in neurons.

Authors: Ute Dreses-Werringloer, Valérie Vingtdeux, Haitian Zhao, Pallavi Chandakkar, Peter Davies, Philippe Marambaud

Journal, date & volume: J. Cell. Sci., 2013 Jan 23 , ,

PubMed link:

Calcium homeostasis modulator 1 (CALHM1) is a Ca(2+) channel controlling neuronal excitability and potentially involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although strong evidence indicates that CALHM1 is required for neuronal electrical activity, its role in intracellular Ca(2+) signaling remains unknown. In the present study, we show that in hippocampal HT-22 cells, CALHM1 expression led to a robust and relatively selective activation of the Ca(2+)-sensing kinases ERK1/2. CALHM1 also triggered activation of MEK1/2, the upstream ERK1/2-activating kinases, and of RSK1/2/3 and MSK1, two downstream effectors of ERK1/2 signaling. CALHM1-mediated activation of ERK1/2 signaling was controlled by the small GTPase Ras. Pharmacological inhibition of CALHM1 permeability using Ruthenium Red, Zn(2+), and Gd(3+), or expression of the CALHM1 N140A and W114A mutants, which are deficient in mediating Ca(2+) influx, prevented the effect of CALHM1 on the MEK, ERK, RSK and MSK signaling cascade, demonstrating that CALHM1 controlled this pathway via its channel properties. Importantly, expression of CALHM1 bearing the natural P86L polymorphism, which leads to a partial loss of CALHM1 function and is associated with an earlier age at onset in AD patients, showed reduced activation of ERK1/2, RSK1/2/3, and MSK1. In line with these results obtained in transfected cells, primary cerebral neurons isolated from Calhm1 knockout mice showed significant impairments in the activation of MEK, ERK, RSK and MSK signaling. The present study identifies a previously uncharacterized mechanism of control of Ca(2+)-dependent ERK1/2 signaling in neurons, and further establishes CALHM1 as a critical ion channel for neuronal signaling and function.