PubMed 21921472

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1

Title: [SCA6: From gene identification to recent progress on pathogenesis].

Authors: Kei Watase, Kinya Ishikawa, Hidehiro Mizusawa

Journal, date & volume: Rinsho Shinkeigaku, 2010 Nov , 50, 858-60

PubMed link:

Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is one of the common dominantly inherited ataxias in Japan, featuring late-onset ataxia and selective Purkinje cell (PC) degeneration. Molecular pathogenesis of SCA6 has been attracting considerable attention since it is caused by small CAG repeat expansions within the Ca(v)2.1 voltage-gated Ca(++) channel gene (CACNA1A). During the past 9 years, efforts have been made to generate and analyze a precise SCA6 model in order to disclose its molecular pathogenesis in vivo. Evidence indicates that the SCA6 mutation does not directly change the basic properties of the channel but rather exerts neurotoxicity through a mechanism associated with age-dependent accumulation of the expanded polyglutamine protein. We envisage further analysis on a knockin model developing PC degeneration at their young age will lead to elucidation of the molecular pathways involved in SCA6 and thus be useful for developing therapeutic strategies against the disease.