Channelpedia

PubMed 22153976


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM4



Title: Endogenous cytosolic Ca(2+) buffering is necessary for TRPM4 activity in cerebral artery smooth muscle cells.

Authors: Albert L Gonzales, Scott Earley

Journal, date & volume: Cell Calcium, 2012 Jan , 51, 82-93

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22153976


Abstract
The melastatin transient receptor potential (TRP) channel, TRPM4, is a critical regulator of smooth muscle membrane potential and arterial tone. Activation of the channel is Ca(2+)-dependent, but prolonged exposures to high global Ca(2+) causes rapid inactivation under conventional whole-cell patch clamp conditions. Using amphotericin B perforated whole cell patch clamp electrophysiology, which minimally disrupts cytosolic Ca(2+) dynamics, we recently showed that Ca(2+) released from 1,2,5-triphosphate receptors (IP(3)R) on the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) activates TRPM4 channels, producing sustained transient inward cation currents (TICCs). Thus, Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation of TRPM4 may not be inherent to the channel itself but rather is a result of the recording conditions. We hypothesized that under conventional whole-cell configurations, loss of intrinsic cytosolic Ca(2+) buffering following cell dialysis contributes to inactivation of TRPM4 channels. With the inclusion of the Ca(2+) buffers ethylene glycol-bis(2-aminoethylether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA, 10mM) or bis-ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA, 0.1mM) in the pipette solution, we mimic endogenous Ca(2+) buffering and record novel, sustained whole-cell TICC activity from freshly-isolated cerebral artery myocytes. Biophysical properties of TICCs recorded under perforated and whole-cell patch clamp were nearly identical. Furthermore, whole-cell TICC activity was reduced by the selective TRPM4 inhibitor, 9-phenanthrol, and by siRNA-mediated knockdown of TRPM4. When a higher concentration (10mM) of BAPTA was included in the pipette solution, TICC activity was disrupted, suggesting that TRPM4 channels on the plasma membrane and IP(3)R on the SR are closely opposed but not physically coupled, and that endogenous Ca(2+) buffer proteins play a critical role in maintaining TRPM4 channel activity in native cerebral artery smooth muscle cells.