PubMed 22498908

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kv11.1 , Nav1.5 , Slo1

Title: Development of recombinant cell line co-expressing mutated Nav1.5, Kir2.1, and hERG for the safety assay of drug candidates.

Authors: Masato Fujii, Susumu Ohya, Hisao Yamamura, Yuji Imaizumi

Journal, date & volume: J Biomol Screen, 2012 Jul , 17, 773-84

PubMed link:

To provide a high-throughput screening method for human ether-a-go-go-gene-related gene (hERG) K(+) channel inhibition, a new recombinant cell line, in which single action potential (AP)-induced cell death was produced by gene transfection. Mutated human cardiac Na(+) channel Nav1.5 (IFM/Q3), which shows extremely slow inactivation, and wild-type inward rectifier K(+) channel, Kir2.1, were stably co-expressed in HEK293 cells (IFM/Q3+Kir2.1). In IFM/Q3+Kir2.1, application of single electrical stimulation (ES) elicited a long AP lasting more than 30 s and led cells to die by more than 70%, whereas HEK293 co-transfected with wild-type Nav1.5 and Kir2.1 fully survived. The additional expression of hERG K(+) channels in IFM/Q3+Kir2.1 shortened the duration of evoked AP and thereby markedly reduced the cell death. The treatment of the cells with hERG channel inhibitors such as nifekalant, E-4031, cisapride, terfenadine, and verapamil, recovered the prolonged AP and dose-dependently facilitated cell death upon ES. The EC(50) values to induce the cell death were 3 µM, 19 nM, 17 nM, 74 nM, and 3 µM, respectively, whereas 10 µM nifedipine did not induce cell death. Results indicate the high utility of this cell system for hERG K(+) channel safety assay.