Channelpedia

PubMed 22540213


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2



Title: AMPA receptors regulate exocytosis and insulin release in pancreatic β cells.

Authors: Zhen-Yong Wu, Li-Jun Zhu, Na Zou, Lidija K Bombek, Chong-Yu Shao, Na Wang, Xin-Xin Wang, Li Liang, Jun Xia, Marjan Rupnik, Ying Shen

Journal, date & volume: Traffic, 2012 Aug , 13, 1124-39

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22540213


Abstract
Ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) are expressed in islets and insulinoma cells and involved in insulin secretion. However, the exact roles that iGluRs play in β cells remain unclear. Here, we demonstrated that GluR2-containing α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors (AMPARs) were expressed in mouse β cells. Glutamate application increased both cytosolic calcium and the number of docked insulin-containing granules, which resulted in augmentation of depolarization-induced exocytosis and high-glucose-stimulated insulin release. While glutamate application directly depolarized β cells, it also induced an enormous depolarization when K(ATP) channels were available. Glutamate application reduced the conductance of K(ATP) channels and increased voltage oscillations. Moreover, actions of AMPARs were absent in Kir6.2 knock-out mice. The effects of AMPARs on K(ATP) channels were mediated by cytosolic cGMP. Taken together, our experiments uncovered a novel mechanism by which AMPARs participate in insulin release.