PubMed 22651989

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.3

Title: Molecular cloning and functional analysis of a voltage-gated potassium channel in lymphocytes from sea perch, Lateolabrax japonicus.

Authors: Yongjie Wang, Bailin Cong, Jihong Shen, Shenghao Liu, Feng Liu, Nengfei Wang, Xiaohang Huang

Journal, date & volume: Fish Shellfish Immunol., 2012 Sep , 33, 605-13

PubMed link:

Voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels on cell plasma membrane play an important role in both excitable cells and non-excitable cells and Kv1 subfamily is most extensively studied channel in mammalian cells. Recently, this potassium channel was reported to control processes inside mammalian T lymphocytes such as cell proliferation and volume regulation. Little is known about Kv1 channels in fish. We have postulated the presence of such a channel in lymphocytes and speculated its potential role in immunoregulation in fish. Employing specific primers and RNA template, we cloned a segment of a novel gene from sea perch blood sample and subsequently obtained a full cDNA sequence using RACE approach. Bioinformatic analysis revealed structural and phylogenetic characteristics of a novel Kv channel gene, designated as spKv1.3, which exhibits homologous domains to the members of Kv1.3 family, but it differs notably from some other members of that family at the carboxyl terminus. Full-length of spKv1.3 cDNA is 2152 bp with a 1440 bp open reading frame encoding a protein of 480 amino acids. SpKv1.3 gene is expressed in all of the tested organs and tissues of sea perch. To assess the postulated immune function of spKv1.3, we stimulated lymphocytes with LPS and/or channel blocker 4-AP. Expression levels of messenger RNA (mRNA) of spKv1.3 under stimulation conditions were measured by quantitative RT-PCR. The results showed that LPS can motivate the up-regulation of spKv1.3 expression significantly. Interestingly, we found for the first time that 4-AP with LPS can also increase the spKv1.3 mRNA expression levels in time course. Although 4-AP could block potassium channels physically, we speculated that its effect on blockage of potassium channel may start up an alternative mechanism which feed back and evoke the spKv1.3 mRNA expression.