PubMed 14703518

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir2.4 , Kir3.1 , Kir3.4

Title: Molecular determinants responsible for differential cellular distribution of G protein-gated inwardly rectifying K+ channels.

Authors: Tooraj Mirshahi, Diomedes E Logothetis

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2004 Mar 19 , 279, 11890-7

PubMed link:

Activation of the heteromeric G protein-gated inwardly rectifying K(+) channel (GIRK) GIRK1 and GIRK4 subunits gives rise to I(KACh), which controls excitability in atrial tissue. Although homomeric GIRK4 channels localize to the plasma membrane and display moderate function, GIRK1 channels fail to localize to the cell surface and do not exhibit significant function as homomers. Using oocytes to express GFP-tagged GIRK1 and GIRK4 and chimeras between these two proteins, we have identified two regions, one in the proximal C terminus and another in the distal N terminus that are critical for their subcellular localization. Replacement of both of these regions in GIRK1 with corresponding regions from GIRK4 was required for efficient expression of GIRK1 on the plasma membrane. Replacement of either region by itself was ineffective. The distal N terminus and proximal C terminus have been previously suggested to play important roles in ER-export and subunit co-assembly respectively in this family of channels. Our data indicate for the first time that both of these regions need to work in concert to mediate efficient targeting of these channels to the plasma membrane.