PubMed 22706862

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Automatically associated channels: Kir7.1

Title: Diagnostic value of EAAT-1 and Kir7.1 for distinguishing endolymphatic sac tumors from choroid plexus tumors.

Authors: Jens Schittenhelm, Florian Roser, Marcos Tatagiba, Rudi Beschorner

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Clin. Pathol., 2012 Jul , 138, 85-9

PubMed link:

The endolymphatic sac tumor (ELST) is a low-grade carcinoma originating in the ear. These extremely rare tumors are capable of invading the cerebellopontine angle and might be mistaken for choroid plexus tumors (CPTs) in this region. Currently, these tumors are distinguished by conventional morphologic and immunohistochemical studies for S-100, cytokeratin, and GFAP expression, but all markers are variably expressed by both tumors. Therefore, we examined new promising markers such as EAAT-1 and Kir7.1 in 4 ELSTs and 35 CPTs located in the fourth ventricle or at the cerebellopontine angle in adults. Immunohistochemical expression of Kir7.1 was found in 30 (100%) of 30 and EAAT-1 in 32 (91%) of 35 CPTs tested and was absent in all ELSTs. Expression of GFAP was found in 16 (55%) and S-100 in 29 (100%) of 29 CPTs tested, but both markers were also expressed in 2 of 4 ELSTs examined. Specificity and sensitivity of Kir7.1 (both 100%) and EAAT-1 (100% and 91%, respectively) were superior to the values for S-100 (50% and 100%, respectively) and GFAP (50% and 55%, respectively) for distinguishing CPT from ELST.