Channelpedia

PubMed 22711533


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3



Title: Key amino acid residues within the third membrane domains of NR1 and NR2 subunits contribute to the regulation of the surface delivery of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors.

Authors: Martina Kaniaková, Barbora Krausova, Vojtech Vyklicky, Miloslav Korinek, Katarina Lichnerova, Ladislav Vyklicky, Martin Horak

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2012 Jul 27 , 287, 26423-34

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22711533


Abstract
N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are glutamate ionotropic receptors that play critical roles in synaptic transmission, plasticity, and excitotoxicity. The functional NMDA receptors, heterotetramers composed mainly of two NR1 and two NR2 subunits, likely pass endoplasmic reticulum quality control before they are released from the endoplasmic reticulum and trafficked to the cell surface. However, the mechanism underlying this process is not clear. Using truncated and mutated NMDA receptor subunits expressed in heterologous cells, we found that the M3 domains of both NR1 and NR2 subunits contain key amino acid residues that contribute to the regulation of the number of surface functional NMDA receptors. These key residues are critical neither for the interaction between the NR1 and NR2 subunits nor for the formation of the functional receptors, but rather they regulate the early trafficking of the receptors. We also found that the identified key amino acid residues within both NR1 and NR2 M3 domains contribute to the regulation of the surface expression of unassembled NR1 and NR2 subunits. Thus, our data identify the unique role of the membrane domains in the regulation of the number of surface NMDA receptors.