PubMed 22744007

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK1 , Slo1

Title: Mechanisms and roles of muscarinic activation in guinea-pig adrenal medullary cells.

Authors: Masumi Inoue, Keita Harada, Hidetada Matsuoka, Jun Nakamura, Akira Warashina

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2012 Sep 15 , 303, C635-44

PubMed link:

Muscarinic receptors are expressed in the adrenal medullary (AM) cells of various mammals, but their physiological roles are controversial. Therefore, the ionic mechanism for muscarinic receptor-mediated depolarization and the role of muscarinic receptors in neuronal transmission were investigated in dissociated guinea-pig AM cells and in the perfused guinea-pig adrenal gland. Bath application of muscarine induced an inward current at -60 mV. This inward current was partially suppressed by quinine with an IC(50) of 6.1 μM. The quinine-insensitive component of muscarine-induced currents changed the polarity at -78 mV and was inhibited by bupivacaine, a TWIK-related acid-sensitive K(+) (TASK) channel inhibitor. Conversely, the current-voltage relationship for the bupivacaine-insensitive component of muscarine currents showed a reversal potential of -5 mV and a negative slope below -40 mV. External application of La(3+) had a double action on muscarine currents of both enhancement and suppression. Immunoblotting and immunocytochemistry revealed expression of TASK1 channels and cononical transient receptor potential channels 1, 4, 5, and 7 in guinea-pig AM cells. Retrograde application of atropine reversibly suppressed transsynaptically evoked catecholamine secretion from the adrenal gland. The results indicate that muscarinic receptor stimulation in guinea-pig AM cells induces depolarization through inhibition of TASK channels and activation of nonselective cation channels and that muscarinic receptors are involved in neuronal transmission from the splanchnic nerve.