PubMed 22745487

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1

Title: Regulation of neuronal proapoptotic potassium currents by the hepatitis C virus nonstructural protein 5A.

Authors: Callie A Norris, Kai He, Mitchell G Springer, Karen A Hartnett, John P Horn, Elias Aizenman

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci., 2012 Jun 27 , 32, 8865-70

PubMed link:

Apoptosis-enabling neuronal potassium efflux is mediated by an enhancement of K+ currents. In cortical neurons, increased currents are triggered by dual phosphorylation of Kv2.1 by Src and p38 at channel residues Y124 and S800. It was recently shown that a K+ current surge is also present in hepatocytes undergoing apoptosis, and that the hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) could inhibit Kv2.1-mediated currents and block cell death. Here, we show that NS5A1b (from HCV genotype 1b) expression in rat neurons depresses delayed rectifier potassium currents, limits the magnitude of the K+ current surge following exposure to activated microglia, and is neuroprotective. In a non-neuronal recombinant expression system, cells expressing Kv2.1 mutated at residue Y124, but not S800 mutants, are insensitive to NS5A1b-mediated current inhibition. Accordingly, NS5A1b coexpression prevents phosphorylation of wild-type Kv2.1 by Src at Y124, but is unable to inhibit p38 phosphorylation of the channel at S800. The actions of the viral protein are genotype-selective, as NS5A1a does not depress neuronal potassium currents nor inhibit Src phosphorylation of Kv2.1. Our results indicate that NS5A1b limits K+ currents following injury, leading to increased neuronal viability. NS5A1b may thus serve as a model for a new generation of neuroprotective agents.