Channelpedia

PubMed 22796651


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.2



Title: A118G Mu Opioid Receptor polymorphism increases inhibitory effects on CaV2.2 channels.

Authors: Eduardo J Lopez Soto, Jesica Raingo

Journal, date & volume: Neurosci. Lett., 2012 Aug 15 , 523, 190-4

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22796651


Abstract
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the human OPRM1 gene result in common variants of Mu Opioid Receptors (hMORs). The A118G SNP occurs at high frequency in certain human populations and produces an aminoacidic substitution: N40D (hMOR-N to hMOR-D) at protein level. N40D is reported to alter pain thresholds and morphine efficacy. hMORs inhibit Ca(V)2.2 channels (N-type currents) at presynaptic nociceptor terminals in dorsal horn, thus reducing calcium influx, transmitter release, and transmission of noxious signals. Nociceptors express different splice isoforms of Ca(V)2.2. Isoforms distinguished by the presence of alternatively spliced exon e37a are of interest because channels containing e37a are particularly enriched in nociceptors. Recent studies showed that Ca(V)2.2e37a is more sensitive to inhibition by Mu Opioid Receptors than the ubiquitous splice variant Ca(V)2.2e37b. Here, we evaluate the effect of hMOR-N and hMOR-D on cloned Ca(V)2.2e37a channels expressed in mammalian cells. We observe that hMOR-D inhibits Ca(V)2.2e37a currents at agonist concentrations 4-fold lower than those needed to inhibit Ca(V)2.2e37a currents by the same degree via hMOR-N. We observe little difference in hMOR-D and hMOR-N inhibition of Ca(V)2.2e37b currents. Our study demonstrates that this common site of OPRM1 polymorphism affects the inhibitory actions of MORs on both major Ca(V)2.2 isoforms expressed in nociceptors.