PubMed 22936272

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3

Title: Cell-specific effects of luminal acid, bicarbonate, cAMP, and carbachol on transporter trafficking in the intestine.

Authors: Robert L Jakab, Anne M Collaco, Nadia A Ameen

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol., 2012 Oct 15 , 303, G937-50

PubMed link:

Changes in intestinal luminal pH affect mucosal ion transport. The aim of this study was to compare how luminal pH and specific second messengers modulate the membrane traffic of four major ion transporters (CFTR, NHE3, NKCC1, and NBCe1) in rat small intestine. Ligated duodenal, jejunal, and ileal segments were infused with acidic or alkaline saline, 8-Br-cAMP, or the calcium agonist carbachol in vivo for 20 min. Compared with untreated intestine, lumen pH was reduced after cAMP or carbachol and increased following HCO(3)(-)-saline. Following HCl-saline, lumen pH was restored to control pH levels. All four secretory stimuli resulted in brush-border membrane (BBM) recruitment of CFTR in crypts and villi. In villus enterocytes, CFTR recruitment was coincident with internalization of BBM NHE3 and basolateral membrane recruitment of the bicarbonate transporter NBCe1. Both cAMP and carbachol recruited NKCC1 to the basolateral membrane of enterocytes, while luminal acid or HCO(3)(-) retained NKCC1 in intracellular vesicles. Luminal acid resulted in robust recruitment of CFTR and NBCe1 to their respective enterocyte membrane domains in the upper third of the villi; luminal HCO(3)(-) induced similar membrane changes lower in the villi. These findings indicate that each stimulus promotes a specific transporter trafficking response along the crypt-villus axis. This is the first demonstration that physiologically relevant secretory stimuli exert their actions in villus enterocytes by membrane recruitment of CFTR and NBCe1 in tandem with NHE3 internalization.