Channelpedia

PubMed 22992321


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC3



Title: Transient receptor potential canonical-3 channel-dependent fibroblast regulation in atrial fibrillation.

Authors: Masahide Harada, Xiaobin Luo, Xiao Yan Qi, Artavazd Tadevosyan, Ange Maguy, Balázs Ordög, Jonathan Ledoux, Takeshi Kato, Patrice Naud, Niels Voigt, Yanfen Shi, Kaichiro Kamiya, Toyoaki Murohara, Itsuo Kodama, Jean-Claude Tardif, Ulrich Schotten, David R Van Wagoner, Dobromir Dobrev, Stanley Nattel

Journal, date & volume: Circulation, 2012 Oct 23 , 126, 2051-64

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22992321


Abstract
Fibroblast proliferation and differentiation are central in atrial fibrillation (AF)-promoting remodeling. Here, we investigated fibroblast regulation by Ca(2+)-permeable transient receptor potential canonical-3 (TRPC3) channels.Freshly isolated rat cardiac fibroblasts abundantly expressed TRPC3 and had appreciable nonselective cation currents (I(NSC)) sensitive to a selective TPRC3 channel blocker, pyrazole-3 (3 μmol/L). Pyrazole-3 suppressed angiotensin II-induced Ca(2+) influx, proliferation, and α-smooth muscle actin protein expression in fibroblasts. Ca(2+) removal and TRPC3 blockade suppressed extracellular signal-regulated kinase phosphorylation, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase phosphorylation inhibition reduced fibroblast proliferation. TRPC3 expression was upregulated in atria from AF patients, goats with electrically maintained AF, and dogs with tachypacing-induced heart failure. TRPC3 knockdown (based on short hairpin RNA [shRNA]) decreased canine atrial fibroblast proliferation. In left atrial fibroblasts freshly isolated from dogs kept in AF for 1 week by atrial tachypacing, TRPC3 protein expression, currents, extracellular signal-regulated kinase phosphorylation, and extracellular matrix gene expression were all significantly increased. In cultured left atrial fibroblasts from AF dogs, proliferation rates, α-smooth muscle actin expression, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase phosphorylation were increased and were suppressed by pyrazole-3. MicroRNA-26 was downregulated in canine AF atria; experimental microRNA-26 knockdown reproduced AF-induced TRPC3 upregulation and fibroblast activation. MicroRNA-26 has NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T cells) binding sites in the 5' promoter region. NFAT activation increased in AF fibroblasts, and NFAT negatively regulated microRNA-26 transcription. In vivo pyrazole-3 administration suppressed AF while decreasing fibroblast proliferation and extracellular matrix gene expression.TRPC3 channels regulate cardiac fibroblast proliferation and differentiation, likely by controlling the Ca(2+) influx that activates extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling. AF increases TRPC3 channel expression by causing NFAT-mediated downregulation of microRNA-26 and causes TRPC3-dependent enhancement of fibroblast proliferation and differentiation. In vivo, TRPC3 blockade prevents AF substrate development in a dog model of electrically maintained AF. TRPC3 likely plays an important role in AF by promoting fibroblast pathophysiology and is a novel potential therapeutic target.