PubMed 23026372

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5

Title: Stabilization of Kv1.5 channel protein by bepridil through its action as a chemical chaperone.

Authors: Sayuri Suzuki, Yasutaka Kurata, Peili Li, Tomomi Notsu, Akira Hasegawa, Nobuhito Ikeda, Masaru Kato, Junichiro Miake, Shinji Sakata, Goshi Shiota, Akio Yoshida, Haruaki Ninomiya, Katsumi Higaki, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Yasuaki Shirayoshi, Ichiro Hisatome

Journal, date & volume: Eur. J. Pharmacol., 2012 Dec 5 , 696, 28-34

PubMed link:

While bepridil has been reported to alter the stability of ion channel proteins, the precise mechanism of action remains unclear. We examined the effect of bepridil on the stability of Kv1.5 channel proteins expressed in COS7 cells. Bepridil at 0.3-30 μM increased the protein level of Kv1.5 channels in a concentration-dependent manner. Chase experiments showed that bepridil delayed the degradation process of Kv1.5 channel proteins in the same manner as a proteasomal inhibitor, MG132, did. Bepridil increased the immunofluorescent signal of Kv1.5 channel proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi apparatus and on the cell surface. The cell fraction experiment also showed bepridil-induced increases in Kv1.5 in the ER, Golgi apparatus, and the cell membrane. Bepridil at a lower concentration of 1 μM had no effect on the proteasome activity in vitro. A blocker of the ultrarapid delayed-rectifier K(+) channel current, 4-aminopyridine (4AP), abolished bepridil-induced increases in Kv1.5. Kv1.5-medicated membrane currents measured as 4AP-sensitive currents were increased by bepridil. Taken together, we conclude that bepridil stabilizes Kv1.5 proteins at the ER through an action as a chemical chaperone, thereby increasing the density of Kv1.5 channels in the cell membrane.