PubMed 23246579

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1

Title: Molecular determinants for the tarantula toxin jingzhaotoxin-I interacting with potassium channel Kv2.1.

Authors: Huai Tao, Yuanyuan Wu, Meichun Deng, Juan He, Meichi Wang, Yucheng Xiao, Songping Liang

Journal, date & volume: Toxicon, 2012 Dec 13 , 63C, 129-136

PubMed link:

With high binding affinity and distinct pharmacological functions, animal toxins are powerful ligands to investigate the structure-function relationships of voltage-gated ion channels. Jingzhaotoxin-I (JZTX-I) is an important neurotoxin from the tarantula Chilobrachys jingzhao venom that inhibits both sodium and potassium channels. In our previous work, JZTX-I, as a gating modifier, is able to inhibit activation of the potassium channel subtype Kv2.1. However, its binding site on Kv2.1 remains unknown. In this study, using Ala-scanning mutagenesis strategy, we demonstrated that four residues (I273, F274, E277, and K280) in S3b-S4 motif contributed to the formation of JZTX-I binding site. The mutations I273A, F274A, E277A, and K280A reduced toxin binding affinity by 6-, 10-, 8-, and 7-fold, respectively. Taken together with our previous data that JZTX-I accelerated channel deactivation, these results suggest that JZTX-I inhibits Kv2.1 activation by docking onto the voltage sensor paddle and trapping the voltage sensor in the closed state.