Channelpedia

PubMed 23262353


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv12.1



Title: Distinct morphological and electrophysiological properties of an elk prion peptide.

Authors: John Paul Glaves, Przemek A Gorski, Kwai Alier, Li Ma, Ludovic Renault, Joseph O Primeau, Jack H Jhamandas, Howard S Young

Journal, date & volume: Peptides, 2012 Dec 20 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23262353


Abstract
A key event in prion diseases is the conversion of the prion protein (PrP) from its native α-helical conformation to a misfolded, β-sheet rich conformation. Thus, preventing or reversing PrP misfolding could provide a means to disrupt prion disease progression and transmission. However, determining the structure of misfolded PrP has been notoriously difficult due to its inherent heterogeneity and aggregation behavior. For these reasons, simplified peptide fragments have been used as models that recapitulate characteristics of full-length PrP, such as amyloid-like aggregation and fibril formation, and in vitro toxicity. We provide a biochemical and structural comparison of PrP(127-147) peptides from elk, bovine and hamster using electrophysiology, electron microscopy and fluorescence. Our results demonstrate that the PrP(127-147) peptides adopt distinct populations of fibril structures. In addition, the elk PrP(127-147) peptide is unique in its ability to enhance Thioflavin T fluorescence and its ability to modulate neuronal ion channel conductances.