Channelpedia

PubMed 21753738


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2



Title: Restoration of defective L-type Ca2+ current in cardiac myocytes of type 2 diabetic db/db mice by Akt and PKC-ι.

Authors: Zhongju Lu, Lisa M Ballou, Ya-Ping Jiang, Ira S Cohen, Richard Z Lin

Journal, date & volume: J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol., 2011 Oct , 58, 439-45

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21753738


Abstract
Diabetes is associated with an increased risk of heart failure and the development of a cardiomyopathy whose etiology is only partially understood. Ca entry through the voltage-dependent L-type Ca channel CaV1.2 initiates the contractile cycle in cardiac myocytes. Decreased cardiac contractility and depressed CaV1.2 function have been reported in obese type 2 diabetic db/db mice. Here, we demonstrate that a reduction in phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling is a major contributor to the altered function of CaV1.2 in db/db cardiac myocytes. Using the whole-cell patch clamp technique, we determined that intracellular infusion of cardiac myocytes from db/db mice with phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3), the second messenger produced by PI3K, increased the L-type Ca current (ICa,L) density nearly to the level seen in wild-type cells. PIP3 also reversed the positive shift in the voltage dependence of the steady-state current activation observed in db/db myocytes. Infusion of protein kinases that act downstream of PI3K also affected ICa,L. Akt1 and Akt2 were as effective as PIP3 in restoring the ICa,L density in db/db myocytes but did not affect the voltage dependence of current activation. The infusion of atypical PKC-ι (the human homolog of mouse PKC-λ) caused a small but significant increase in the ICa,L density and completely reversed the shift in voltage dependence of steady-state current activation. These results indicate that a defect in PI3K/PIP3/Akt/PKC-λ signaling is mainly responsible for the depressed CaV1.2 function in the hearts of db/db mice with type 2 diabetes.