PubMed 22075254

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.6

Title: Sodium channel Nav1.6 is up-regulated in the dorsal root ganglia in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes.

Authors: Yan-Shun Ren, Nian-Song Qian, Yu Tang, Yong-Hui Liao, Yan-Ling Yang, Ke-Feng Dou, Masakazu Toi

Journal, date & volume: Brain Res. Bull., 2012 Feb 10 , 87, 244-9

PubMed link:

Neuropathic pain is one of the most common chronic complications of diabetes, of which the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Expression changes of voltage-gated sodium channels in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) are involved in the production of ectopic spontaneous activity. In the present study, we examined the changes of DRG Nav1.6 expression in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes (db/db mice). Db/db mice developed significant and persistent mechanical allodynia from postnatal 2 months compared to the heterozygous littermates (db/+) and C57 mice. Immunofluorescent staining showed that Nav1.6 was highly expressed in the normal DRG (approximately 31.3±5.2% of total DRG neurons), especially in the large-diameter neurons. In postnatal 5 months in db/db mice, percentage of Nav1.6 positive cells (62.9±5.5%) was significantly higher than that in C57 and db/+ mice. Western blot showed that from 2 to 5 months, Nav1.6 was increased by 1.67±0.16, 2.12±0.23, 1.89±0.32, and 2.01±0.35 folds of C57 mice, which were significantly higher than that of the C57 and db/+ mice. Real-time PCR showed that in postnatal 1 month of db/db mice, mRNA level of Nav1.6 was increased by 1.72±0.22 fold, which was significantly higher than that of C57 and db/+ mice. Nav1.6 mRNA was increased thereafter and maintained at high levels throughout the observed period. Our results provide direct evidence that type 2 diabetes induces significant and persistent increase of Nav1.6 expression in the DRG, which may participate in the diabetic neuropathic pain.