Channelpedia

PubMed 22266351


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.3



Title: Delayed endosome-dependent CamKII and p38 kinase signaling in cardiomyocytes destabilizes Kv4.3 mRNA.

Authors: Chaoming Zhou, Samantha L Cavolo, Edwin S Levitan

Journal, date & volume: J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol., 2012 May , 52, 971-7

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22266351


Abstract
The Kv4.3 transient outward current (I(to)) channel, which produces early repolarization in human cardiomyocytes, is downregulated with cardiac pathology. This is evident in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes in which Angiotensin II (Ang II) acts via p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38K) to increase apoptosis and induce Kv4.3 mRNA destabilization to downregulate the channel protein. However, it is not understood how p38K activation, which is activated transiently for minutes, induces downstream effects hours later. Here we show that there is a second phase of p38K activation. Inhibiting this delayed p38K activation eliminated Kv4.3 mRNA destabilization. Furthermore, inhibiting endosome generation left the transient activation of p38K intact, but blocked delayed p38K activation and the Kv4.3 effect. CamKII was also found to be required for delayed p38K activation and Kv4.3 mRNA destabilization. Finally, CamKII methionine oxidation and activation are biphasic, with the delayed phase requiring endosomes. Hence, in addition to participating in channel traffic, cardiomyocyte endosomes control channel mRNA expression by mediating delayed oxidative CamKII-p38K signaling.