PubMed 22319196

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPA , TRPA1

Title: Species comparison and pharmacological characterization of human, monkey, rat, and mouse TRPA1 channels.

Authors: Bruce R Bianchi, Xu-Feng Zhang, Regina M Reilly, Philip R Kym, Betty B Yao, Jun Chen

Journal, date & volume: J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., 2012 May , 341, 360-8

PubMed link:

The transient receptor potential ankyrin-1 (TRPA1) channel has emerged as an attractive target for development of analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs. However, drug discovery efforts targeting TRPA1 have been hampered by differences between human and rodent species. Many compounds have been identified to have antagonist activity at human TRPA1 (hTRPA1), but when tested at rat TRPA1 (rTRPA1) and mouse TRPA1 (mTRPA1), they show reduced potency as antagonists, no effect, or agonist activity. These compounds are excluded from further drug development because they cannot be tested in preclinical studies using conventional rat/mouse models. To broaden our understanding of species-specific differences, we cloned and functionally characterized rhesus monkey TRPA1 (rhTRPA1) and compared its pharmacological profile to hTRPA1, rTRPA1, and mTRPA1 channels. The functional activities of a diverse group of TRPA1 ligands (both reactive and nonreactive) were determined in a fluorescent Ca²⁺ influx assay, using transiently transfected human embryonic kidney 293-F cells. 4-Methyl-N-[2,2,2-trichloro-1-(4-nitro-phenylsulfanyl)-ethyl]-benzamide, menthol, and caffeine displayed species-specific differential pharmacology at TRPA1. The pharmacological profile of the rhTRPA1 channel was found to be similar to the hTRPA1 channel. In contrast, the rTRPA1 and mTRPA1 channels closely resembled each other but were pharmacologically distinct from either hTRPA1 or rhTRPA1 channels. Our findings reveal that TRPA1 function differs between primate and rodent species and suggest that rhesus monkey could serve as a surrogate species for humans in preclinical studies.