PubMed 22545142

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2

Title: Development of GPCR modulation of GABAergic transmission in chicken nucleus laminaris neurons.

Authors: Zheng-Quan Tang, Yong Lu

Journal, date & volume: PLoS ONE, 2012 , 7, e35831

PubMed link:

Neurons in the nucleus laminaris (NL) of birds act as coincidence detectors and encode interaural time difference to localize the sound source in the azimuth plane. GABAergic transmission in a number of CNS nuclei including the NL is subject to a dual modulation by presynaptic GABA(B) receptors (GABA(B)Rs) and metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs). Here, using in vitro whole-cell patch clamp recordings from acute brain slices of the chick, we characterized the following important but unknown properties pertaining to such a dual modulation: (1) emergence of functional GABA synapses in NL neurons; (2) the temporal onset of neuromodulation mediated by GABA(B)Rs and mGluRs; and (3) the physiological conditions under which GABA(B)Rs and mGluRs are activated by endogenous transmitters. We found that (1) GABA(A)R-mediated synaptic responses were observed in about half of the neurons at embryonic day 11 (E11); (2) GABA(B)R-mediated modulation of the GABAergic transmission was detectable at E11, whereas the modulation by mGluRs did not emerge until E15; and (3) endogenous activity of GABA(B)Rs was induced by both low- (5 or 10 Hz) and high-frequency (200 Hz) stimulation of the GABAergic pathway, whereas endogenous activity of mGluRs was induced by high- (200 Hz) but not low-frequency (5 or 10 Hz) stimulation of the glutamatergic pathway. Furthermore, the endogenous activity of mGluRs was mediated by group II but not group III members. Therefore, autoreceptor-mediated modulation of GABAergic transmission emerges at the same time when the GABA synapses become functional. Heteroreceptor-mediated modulation appears at a later time and is receptor type dependent in vitro.