PubMed 22547068

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM2

Title: NAD+ levels control Ca2+ store replenishment and mitogen-induced increase of cytosolic Ca2+ by Cyclic ADP-ribose-dependent TRPM2 channel gating in human T lymphocytes.

Authors: Mirko Magnone, Inga Bauer, Alessandro Poggi, Elena Mannino, Laura Sturla, Marisa Brini, Elena Zocchi, Antonio De Flora, Alessio Nencioni, Santina Bruzzone

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2012 Jun 15 , 287, 21067-81

PubMed link:

Intracellular NAD(+) levels ([NAD(+)](i)) are important in regulating human T lymphocyte survival, cytokine secretion, and the capacity to respond to antigenic stimuli. NAD(+)-derived Ca(2+)-mobilizing second messengers, produced by CD38, play a pivotal role in T cell activation. Here we demonstrate that [NAD(+)](i) modifications in T lymphocytes affect intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis both in terms of mitogen-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increase and of endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) store replenishment. Lowering [NAD(+)](i) by FK866-mediated nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase inhibition decreased the mitogen-induced [Ca(2+)](i) rise in Jurkat cells and in activated T lymphocytes. Accordingly, the Ca(2+) content of thapsigargin-sensitive Ca(2+) stores was greatly reduced in these cells in the presence of FK866. When NAD(+) levels were increased by supplementing peripheral blood lymphocytes with the NAD(+) precursors nicotinamide, nicotinic acid, or nicotinamide mononucleotide, the Ca(2+) content of thapsigargin-sensitive Ca(2+) stores as well as cell responsiveness to mitogens in terms of [Ca(2+)](i) elevation were up-regulated. The use of specific siRNA showed that the changes of Ca(2+) homeostasis induced by NAD(+) precursors are mediated by CD38 and the consequent ADPR-mediated TRPM2 gating. Finally, the presence of NAD(+) precursors up-regulated important T cell functions, such as proliferation and IL-2 release in response to mitogens.