PubMed 22566418

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC3

Title: Williams-Beuren syndrome hypercalcemia: is TRPC3 a novel mediator in calcium homeostasis?

Authors: Emmanuel Letavernier, Anita Rodenas, Dominique Guerrot, Jean-Philippe Haymann

Journal, date & volume: Pediatrics, 2012 Jun , 129, e1626-30

PubMed link:

Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder associated with hypercalcemia of unknown origin. This syndrome results from the deletion of contiguous genes on chromosome 7, including the general transcription factor IIi gene. The general transcription factor IIi gene encodes TFII-I, which suppresses cell-surface accumulation of transient receptor potential C3 (TRPC3) channels, involved in calcium transport in lymphocytes. We describe the case of a patient with WBS with hypercalcemia associated with abnormal TRPC3 expression. Analysis of peripheral lymphocytes revealed a sharp increase in TRPC3 expression, compared with control patients. To investigate the potential role of TRPC3 in calcium homeostasis, we performed specific immunostaining on the intestine and the kidney, major calcium-regulating tissues. We provide the first demonstration that TRPC3 is expressed in normal digestive epithelium and renal tubules in control patients, and overexpressed in the intestine in the patient with WBS. Taken together, these data suggest that calcium metabolism abnormalities observed in WBS may be attributable to TFII-I haploinsufficiency and subsequent TRPC3 overexpression, thereby increasing both digestive and renal calcium absorption. This original observation prompts further investigation of TRPC3 as a novel actor of calcium homeostasis.