Channelpedia

PubMed 22676940


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KChip2a , Nav1.5 , Slo1



Title: Electrophysiologic remodeling of the left ventricle in pressure overload-induced right ventricular failure.

Authors: Maxim Hardziyenka, Maria E Campian, Arie O Verkerk, Sulaiman Surie, Antoni C G van Ginneken, Sara Hakim, André C Linnenbank, H A C M Rianne de Bruin-Bon, Leander Beekman, Mart N van der Plas, Carol A Remme, Toon A B van Veen, Paul Bresser, Jacques M T de Bakker, Hanno L Tan

Journal, date & volume: J. Am. Coll. Cardiol., 2012 Jun 12 , 59, 2193-202

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22676940


Abstract
The purpose of this study was to analyze the electrophysiologic remodeling of the atrophic left ventricle (LV) in right ventricular (RV) failure (RVF) after RV pressure overload.The LV in pressure-induced RVF develops dysfunction, reduction in mass, and altered gene expression, due to atrophic remodeling. LV atrophy is associated with electrophysiologic remodeling.We conducted epicardial mapping in Langendorff-perfused hearts, patch-clamp studies, gene expression studies, and protein level studies of the LV in rats with pressure-induced RVF (monocrotaline [MCT] injection, n = 25; controls with saline injection, n = 18). We also performed epicardial mapping of the LV in patients with RVF after chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) (RVF, n = 10; no RVF, n = 16).The LV of rats with MCT-induced RVF exhibited electrophysiologic remodeling: longer action potentials (APs) at 90% repolarization and effective refractory periods (ERPs) (60 ± 1 ms vs. 44 ± 1 ms; p < 0.001), and slower longitudinal conduction velocity (62 ± 2 cm/s vs. 70 ± 1 cm/s; p = 0.003). AP/ERP prolongation agreed with reduced Kcnip2 expression, which encodes the repolarizing potassium channel subunit KChIP2 (0.07 ± 0.01 vs. 0.11 ± 0.02; p < 0.05). Conduction slowing was not explained by impaired impulse formation, as AP maximum upstroke velocity, whole-cell sodium current magnitude/properties, and mRNA levels of Scn5a were unaltered. Instead, impulse transmission in RVF was hampered by reduction in cell length (111.6 ± 0.7 μm vs. 122.0 ± 0.4 μm; p = 0.02) and width (21.9 ± 0.2 μm vs. 25.3 ± 0.3 μm; p = 0.002), and impaired cell-to-cell impulse transmission (24% reduction in Connexin-43 levels). The LV of patients with CTEPH with RVF also exhibited ERP prolongation (306 ± 8 ms vs. 268 ± 5 ms; p = 0.001) and conduction slowing (53 ± 3 cm/s vs. 64 ± 3 cm/s; p = 0.005).Pressure-induced RVF is associated with electrophysiologic remodeling of the atrophic LV.