Channelpedia

PubMed 14615287


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1 , Cav3.2



Title: Angiotensin II signaling pathways mediate expression of cardiac T-type calcium channels.

Authors: Laurent Ferron, Véronique Capuano, Yann Ruchon, Edith Deroubaix, Alain Coulombe, Jean-François Renaud

Journal, date & volume: Circ. Res., 2003 Dec 12 , 93, 1241-8

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14615287


Abstract
Recent studies indicate that cardiac T-type Ca2+ current (ICaT) reappears in hypertrophied ventricular cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of angiotensin II (Ang II), a major inducer of cardiac hypertrophy, in the reexpression of T-type channel in left ventricular hypertrophied myocytes. We induced cardiac hypertrophy in rats by abdominal aorta stenosis for 12 weeks and thereafter animals were treated for 2 weeks with losartan (12 mg/kg per day), an antagonist of type 1 Ang II receptors (AT1). In hypertrophied myocytes, we showed that the reexpressed ICaT is generated by the CaV3.1 and CaV3.2 subunits. After losartan treatment, ICaT density decreased from 0.40+/-0.05 pA/pF (n=26) to 0.20+/-0.03 pA/pF (n=27, P<0.01), affecting CaV3.1- and CaV3.2-related currents. The amount of CaV3.1 mRNA increased during hypertrophy and retrieved its nonhypertrophic level after losartan treatment, whereas the amount of CaV3.2 mRNA was unaffected by stenosis. In cultured newborn ventricular cells, chronic Ang II application (0.1 micromol/L) also increased ICaT density and CaV3.1 mRNA amount. UO126, a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase-1/2 (MEK1/2) inhibitor, reduced Ang II-increased ICaT density and CaV3.1 mRNA amount. Bosentan, an endothelin (ET) receptor antagonist, reduced Ang II-increased ICaT density without affecting the amount of CaV3.1 mRNA. Finally, cotreatment with bosentan and UO126 abolished the Ang II-increased ICaT density. Our results show that AT1-activated MEK pathway and autocrine ET-activated independent MEK pathway upregulate T-type channel expression. Ang II-increased of ICaT density observed in hypertrophied myocytes may play a role in the pathogenesis of Ca2+ overload and arrhythmias seen in cardiac pathology.