PubMed 22497893

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2

Title: Ahnak1 interaction is affected by phosphorylation of Ser-296 on Cavβ₂.

Authors: Ines Pankonien, Albrecht Otto, Nathan Dascal, Ingo Morano, Hannelore Haase

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2012 May 4 , 421, 184-9

PubMed link:

Ahnak1 has been implicated in protein kinase A (PKA)-mediated control of cardiac L-type Ca(2+) channels (Cav1.2) through its interaction with the Cavβ(2) regulatory channel subunit. Here we corroborate this functional linkage by immunocytochemistry on isolated cardiomyocytes showing co-localization of ahnak1 and Cavβ(2) in the T-tubule system. In previous studies Cavβ(2) attachment sites which impacted the channel's PKA regulation have been located to ahnak1's proximal C-terminus (ahnak1(4889-5535), ahnak1(5462-5535)). In this study, we mapped the ahnak1-interacting regions in Cavβ(2) and investigated whether Cavβ(2) phosphorylation affects its binding behavior. In vitro binding assays with Cavβ(2) truncation mutants and ahnak1(4889-5535) revealed that the core region of Cavβ(2) consisting of Src-homology 3 (SH3), HOOK, and guanylate kinase (GK) domains was important for ahnak1 interaction while the C- and N-terminal regions were dispensable. Furthermore, Ser-296 in the GK domain of Cavβ(2) was identified as novel PKA phosphorylation site by mass spectrometry. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) binding analysis showed that Ser-296 phosphorylation did not affect the high affinity interaction (K(D)≈35 nM) between Cavβ(2) and the α(1C) I-II linker, but affected ahnak1 interaction in a complex manner. SPR experiments with ahnak1(5462-5535) revealed that PKA phosphorylation of Cavβ(2) significantly increased the binding affinity and, in parallel, it reduced the binding capacity. Intriguingly, the phosphorylation mimic substitution Glu-296 fully reproduced both effects, increased the affinity by ≈2.4-fold and reduced the capacity by ≈60%. Our results are indicative for the release of a population of low affinity interaction sites following Cavβ(2) phosphorylation on Ser-296. We propose that this phosphorylation event is one mechanism underlying ahnak1's modulator function on Cav1.2 channel activity.