Channelpedia

PubMed 22667456


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPA , TRPA1 , TRPC , TRPC6 , TRPM , TRPM8 , TRPV , TRPV1



Title: TRP channels as therapeutic targets in airway disorders: a patent review.

Authors: Delia Preti, Arpad Szallasi, Riccardo Patacchini

Journal, date & volume: Expert Opin Ther Pat, 2012 Jun , 22, 663-95

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22667456


Abstract
Chronic respiratory diseases, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, affect millions of patients worldwide. New therapeutic approaches to these conditions are urgently needed since current treatment options provide only symptomatic relief. Transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels are emerging molecular target candidates for the development of novel, disease-modifying drugs addressing airway diseases.The authors review the patent literature on novel molecules targeting TRP channels (in particular TRPA1, TRPV1, TRPM8 and TRPC6) that are currently studied in clinical trials or are candidates for future clinical evaluation in the management of respiratory diseases.The patent literature highlights TRPA1 and TRPV1 channels as the most advanced therapeutic targets in respiratory disorders. TRPV1 antagonists relieve cough in preclinical studies. TRPA1 antagonists not only are anti-tussive but also show efficacy in allergic asthma models. However, to date, only minimal clinical data are available regarding the effects of selective, small-molecule TRPV1 and TRPA1 blockers in respiratory disorders. Clearly, long-term clinical studies are required to confirm the expectations based on preclinical data. In conclusion, the current status of this rapidly expanding research area raises cautious optimism for TRPA1 (and possibly also TRPV1) antagonists as promising anti-tussive/anti-asthma drug candidates.