Channelpedia

PubMed 22671314


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPA , TRPA1 , TRPM , TRPM8



Title: TRPA1-like channels enhance glycinergic transmission in medullary dorsal horn neurons.

Authors: Jin-Hwa Cho, Moon-Young Jeong, In-Sun Choi, Heon-Jin Lee, Il-Sung Jang

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurochem., 2012 Aug , 122, 691-701

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22671314


Abstract
The effect of icilin, a potent agonist of transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) and TRPM8, on glycinergic transmission was examined in mechanically isolated rat medullary dorsal horn neurons by use of the conventional whole-cell patch-clamp technique. Icilin increased the frequency of glycinergic spontaneous miniature inhibitory post-synaptic currents (mIPSCs) in a dose-dependent manner. Either allyl isothiocyanate(AITC) or cinnamaldehyde, other TRPA1 agonists, also increased mIPSC frequency, but the extent of facilitation induced by AITC or cinnamaldehyde was less than that induced by icilin. However, menthol, a TRPM8 agonist, had no facilitatory effect on glycinergic mIPSCs. The icilin-induced increase in mIPSC frequency was significantly inhibited by either HC030031, a selective TRPA1 antagonist, or ruthenium red, a non-selective transient receptor potential channel blocker. Icilin failed to increase glycinergic mIPSC frequency in the absence of extracellular Ca(2+), suggesting that the icilin-induced increase in mIPSC frequency is mediated by the Ca(2+) influx from the extracellular space. In contrast, icilin still increased mIPSC frequency either in the Na(+) -free external solution or in the presence of Cd(2+), a general voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel blocker. The present results suggest that icilin acts on pre-synaptic TRPA1-like ion channels, which are permeable to Ca(2+), to enhance glycinergic transmission onto medullary dorsal horn neurons. The TRPA1-like channel-mediated enhancement of glycinergic transmission in medullary dorsal horn neurons would contribute to the regulation of pain information from the peripheral tissues.